Have you heard of nucleotides? How much do you know about this? It is very important to organisms like ours, but because there are many compounds needed by organisms in the world, this basic ingredient may not receive the attention it deserves. In this article, we will focus on and understand nucleotides.
What are nucleotides?
Nucleotides are natural compounds and an important part of DNA and RNA. They are molecules connected by phosphate molecules.
The function of nucleotides
Nucleotides are essential for cell division because they are the basis of DNA. They store genetic information, act as regulatory chemicals (cyclic nucleotides), coenzymes (vitamin B complex), energy carriers, participate in the synthesis of polysaccharides and phospholipids, cell signal transduction, metabolism and enzymatic reactions.
How are nucleotides formed? Nucleotide consists of three parts, namely phosphate, 5-carbon sugar and nitrogen-containing base.
The nitrogen base is the central part of the nucleotide structure. It contains nitrogen, and because of the pair of electrons on the nitrogen atom, it has the chemical properties of a base. These bases are recognized as adenine (A), cytosine© and guanine (G), which are found in both RNA and DNA, and then thymine (T), which is found only in DNA and uracil (U). ). For more information on these basics, please see this link.
The second is sugar. No matter what nucleotide it is, it is always the same, but the difference lies in DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid). Sugars with exposed oxygen can form covalent bonds with phosphate groups. The polymer backbone increases the rigidity of the structure.
The last part is the phosphate group, where they form a phosphodiester bond with the pentose, thus forming the side of the DNA "ladder".
What are the health benefits of nucleotides as an ingredient?
According to research, the following is about the health benefits of taking nucleotides.
- Immune support
- Improve irritable bowel syndrome
- Repair DNA damage
- Reduce stress hormone levels
- Provide the necessary building blocks to ensure joint health and repair skin
- Promote healthy cell growth
- Can extend life
- Improve memory and learning ability
- Ongoing research on the link between nucleotides and cancer development
Supplementing nucleotides can enhance immunity
At this difficult time, a strong immune system is what we need most, but we cannot ignore any other health-related issues. First of all, it is important that you understand the best source of nucleotides:
- Meat products (pork, beef, chicken)
- Baker's yeast
According to the research of Sterczla, Kraemer et al. (2016), taking nucleotide supplements can also help reduce stress and inflammation, reduce tissue damage, improve immune function, and improve body function. If you do not eat legumes, it is recommended to consider supplementing some nutrients. Our NAD Revival Nutrition uses nucleotides as one of its top ingredients, which can enhance immunity and other health-prolonging effects.